Fluoroquinolones are a class of antibiotics known as broad spectrum antibiotics. They’re effective in treating illnesses caused by bacteria resistant to other compounds, and therefore they are generally utilized in the treatment of hospital-acquired infections.
Nevertheless, they are often prescribed to deal with less severe bacterial infections that should be treated with antibiotics that are safer, or to treat infections which are caused by viruses and are not going to respond to antibiotic medication. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are related to quite serious and potentially deadly side effects.
Common Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics include:
- Avelox (moxifloxacin)
- Cipro (ciprofloxacin)
- Factive (gemifloxacin)
- Floxin (ofloxacin)
- Levaquin (levofloxacin)
- Noroxin (norfloxacin)
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics are prescribed to treat a wide variety of infections including:
- Sinus infection
- Skin infections
- Prostate infections
- Urinary tract infections
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Fluoroquinolone Side Effects
Serious side effects of fluoroquinolone antibiotics can include:
- Peripheral neuropathy, sometimes irreversible
- Tendon injuries, including tendon rupture
- Ligament injuries
- Retinal detachment
- Aortic dissection
- Aortic aneurysm
Peripheral neuropathy and Stomach injuries are long-known unwanted
Consequences of Fluoroquinolones. All of the above side effects are thought to be due to the negative impact of fluoroquinolones on hydration.
Aortic Dissection and Aortic Aneurysm
A study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, on October 5, 2015, discovered that fluoroquinolone use doubles the risk of aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection within 60 days. Both conditions can cause permanent injuries or death.
In aortic dissection, there’s a tear in the walls of the aorta, which is the major artery leading out of the heart. It allows the blood to flow between the walls of the blood vessel. Aortic dissection could be deadly.
Complications may include stroke, organ damage, and harm to the aortic valve.
Aortic aneurysm is either ballooning, or stretching and bulging, of the aorta. It’s often a silent killer without any symptoms until it abruptly bursts. As soon as an aortic aneurysm bursts, death can follow in a couple of hours. Aortic aneurysm may also result in the formation of blood clots and stroke.